Table1. Conformation traits in Interbull genetic evaluations for Holstein as defined by the World Holstein Friesian Federation (WHFF); other possible trait definition also included


WHFF trait definition

Other possible definition

1. Stature

Measured from top of the spine in between hips to ground

wither height

2. Chest width

Measured from inside surface between the top of the front legs


3. Body Depth

Distance between the top of spine and bottom of barrel at last rib – the deepest point. Independent of stature.

depth of chest

4. Angularity

The angle and openness of the ribs, combined with flatness of bone avoidingcoarseness. Not a true linear trait.

dairy character; dairy form

5. Rump Angle

Measured as the angle of the rump structure from hooks (hips) to pins.

6. Rump Width

The distance between the most posterior point of pin bones

distance between hips/thurls

7. Rear Leg set

Direction of feet when view from the rear.

8. Rear Leg Rear View

Angle measured at the front of the hock

9. Foot Angle

Angle at the front of the rear hoof measured from the floor to the hairline atthe right hoof

foot diagonal;
heel depth

10. Fore Udder

The strength of attachment of the fore udder to the abdominal wall.Not a true linear trait.

11. Rear Udder Height

The distance between the bottom of the vulva and the milk secreting tissue:in relation to the height of the animal.

distance between
pin bone and milk
secreting tissue

12. Udder Support

The depth of cleft, measured at the base of the rear udder.

central ligament;

13. Udder Depth

The distance from the lowest part of the udder floor to the hock.

14. Teat Placement

The position of the front teat from centre of quarter.

15. Teat Length

The length of the front teat.

16. Overall Conformation

final score; final class

17. Overall udder score

18. Overall feet&leg score

public/conf_trait_def_HOL_JER (last edited 2018-11-08 13:56:03 by Valentina)